Place and Dwelling

45 – “Heidegger in his refuge: the existentialist house” – I. Abalos

In this article, I.Abalos introduces Heidegger’s notion of dwelling and habitation and digs it to a further level that is existential. And he links the concept of the existentialist house to philosophy – “The house, the construction of the dwelling, is not so much a metaphor as the very subject of existential philosophy” (Pg.45).  Abalos posits that this philosophical redefinition of space that have changed the spatial practices and urban layout. He indicates that existential architecture in the space has more relation to the historical, cultural and natural factors than the technological factor. Abalos also said that technology has a negative effect on the architecture that the military bring us into crossroad during the world warⅡ and we must refresh our ideology to respect the history.  

Furthermore, Abalos compares Heidegger’s conception that is the hypostasis of building to Tessenow’s – “managed to dignify, by living part from technological obsession and the idea of progress, by a return to a more balanced relationship with nature; by a simpler and more modest formula for inhabiting, one also capable of establishing a certain harmony with our own past” (Pg.58).  .

I think that the existential house with technological factor should relate back to the nature but not just the materials. The building is the space of inhabiting, and the logic of space, the context of space and the using of space are more important in the contemporaneous architecture.
 
Questions:
1. Does the technology have more negative influence than positive influence in architectural history?
2. What is the core in Heidegger’s concept of space?

 
 
44 – “Building, Dwelling, Thinking” – M. Heidegger

In his article, Heidegger debate some ideas what are the relationship between place, space, building, and dwelling. These relationships look like interconnected and interaction.

Heidegger examines those ideas through the examples of language at the beginning of this article. He explored the language’s meaning of the word “dwelling”. He gives an example that the Old High German word “bauen”, how it historically and currently corresponds in our language. He indicated the three main conclusions of what it means to dwell: “1. Building is really dwelling, 2. Dwelling is the manner in which mortals are on the earth. 3. Building as dwelling unfolds into the building that cultivates growing things and the building that erects buildings” (Pg. 350).

He continues to expatiate how the dwelling fosters man. The dwelling has jumped beyond the physical concept and formed the mental concept: family’. Heidegger points out the fourfold – the notion of the earth, the sky, the divinities, and the mortals coming together into the one.

Heidegger uses bridge as an example to explore what is the relationship between building and dwelling. The space contains places by bridge whatever the place is far or near. However, the places lies a measureable distance, and those distance forms the extended spaces.
 
Questions:
1. What are the architectural influence of the meaning and relationship between building and dwelling?
2. What is the intention of changing the building to dwelling?

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