Integration and Intensification

50 – “On the Integrative Program” – J. Taron

Josh Taron brings us a discussion on a relationship between architecture and violence at the beginning of this article. This interesting relationship introduces how the integrative program was considered and made decision through the architectural violence. The integrative program indicates “the exploitation of corporeal/ spatial distinctions toward the production of new bodies and new spaces” (Pg. 22). A violation of boundaries between body and space are blurred. The ACADIA 2011 conference as the example notes that the professionals utilize programmatic violence and integrative program through digital methods. “This program is one in which methods, processes, and techniques are discovered, appropriated, adapted, and altered from elsewhere, and often ‘digitally’ pursued” (Pg. 22). Integrative programs are not made through a ‘sovereign’, but through material specificity of design and logic.

Nature becomes the source of information that can be used to design. “Environmentally responsive building skins, agent-based modeling, evolutionary algorithms” (Pg. 23). The building and the processes of building become information with controlling and responding to information itself.

The integrative architecture exploited blurred boundaries between “things, processes and practices” to generate new architectural form that is a complex integration with technological, social and cultural information.

Josh Taron quotes Tschumi’s architectural violence to extend the design process to an Integrative circulation flow.

1. Is Tschumi’s programmatic violence change architectural design process or design method?
2. Does the virtual design blur the boundary of space and body or rebuild other boundary between ideality and reality?

49 – “Post-Digital Architecture: Towards Integrative Design”- B. Kolarevic

In this article, B. Kolarevic discusses the integrated design that is “more open, fluid, pliable, and opportunistic” (Pg. 149). And he also analyzes the integrative design and its extensions from various aspects. Therefore, we have to understand the difference between integrated and integrative design. The distinction are that “the designers who engage design as a broadly integrative endeavor fluidly navigate across different disciplinary territories, and deploy algorithmic thinking, biomimicry, computation, digital fabrication, material exploration, and /or performance analyses to discover and create a process, technique, or a product that is qualitatively new” (Pg.154). Kolarevic principally discusses integrative design that responds the process between the digital and the physical.

Branko Kolarevic explains that architecture is s a multi-disciplinary discipline that relates to all kinds of area in construction industry, for example, construction, engineering, economics, geognosy and so on. All of these new processes and aspects need to be designed in collaboration through various participants. The building information modeling (BIM) is well-known in recently. It evolves the role of architect from the traditional leader of liner process to interlaced process. It drives the new form, technology and material to create. Projects are the assembly of information that equally transfers between architects, contractors and clients. That approach high efficient than the traditional way.
1. Will BIM change the architects’ role from the leader to a general participator?
2. Is the integrative design perfect for all aspects in construction industry?

48 – “The Actualization of the Virtual in Space” – M. Delanda

M. Delanda introduces the evolutionary and transformation process between intensive and extensive properties of individual organisms and species. Intensive processes are based on population thinking. On the other hand, extensive processes are based on norms. DeLanda used exemplifications, such as embryogenesis, to discuss the process of transformation between intensive and the extensive. DeLanda indicates this transformation that “the component parts used in biological assembly are defined less by rigid metric properties than by their topological connectivity.”(Pg. 66) and “If putting together organisms followed an assembly-line pattern, random mutations would have to occur simultaneously in matching parts, channels and procedures” (Pg. 66).The discussion about the distinction between metric and nonmetric spaces is further exploration of the relationship between intensive and extensive thinking. Metric spaces are based on topological space acquired a fixed form.  And nonmetric spaces are based on the interactions.

Delanda is used to illustrate the nature as an analogy that can reorganize space. In our architectural design, space is always mainly considered. If we can simulate the biological components and the processes of assembly, we will enhance the ecology properties in our building context. Architecture would also evolve to approach a new period that is high harmonious with the environment.

1. Does the virtual space mean replicate the real space? What kind of thing or object cannot be simulated?
2. What kind of the nature functions should be simulated in our architectural design?


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